Contacts  Program of Study  Requirements  Data Science Clinic  Summary of Requirements for the Major in Data Science  Electives  Theory Track  Computation Track  Double Majors (and Other)  Grading and Advising for the Major Program  Minor in Data Science  Grading and Advising for Minor Program  Summary of Requirements for the Minor in Data Science  Courses
Program of Study
The technological revolution has led to an explosion of data in domains of knowledge including medicine, policy, social sciences, commerce, and the natural sciences. Petabytes of data are being collected from a myriad of instruments, like sequencing machines for genomics and mobile devices for quantifying social interactions. In addition to driving research, data are shaping the way people work, live, and communicate. Correspondingly, new methodologies have emerged to power intelligent systems, make more accurate predictions, and gain new insight using the large volumes of data generated by scientists, entrepreneurs, and analysts.
The field of Data Science has emerged to respond to the data revolution, and the necessity to responsibly store, process, analyze, and interpret data. Transdisciplinary by nature, Data Science draws on numerous fields including statistics, computer science and applied mathematics, and also incorporates topics in privacy and ethics, philosophy of science, and economics to better understand the impact of data on society. Therefore, the Data Science curriculum combines computational and analytical skills, extensive knowledge in the domain of application, communication skills, and an emphasis on ethical considerations.
The data science program offers BA and BS degrees, as well as a minor. The minor program in data science is intended to equip students with computational and analytical comprehension and tools that will allow them to work on a variety of datadriven problems in any discipline while emphasizing important issues in data privacy, ethics, and communication. The major has several tracks that can serve different interests. Students have the possibility to pursue a program suited for a double major, and/or suited for graduate studies in data science and related fields. Students majoring in Data Science as well as those who are majoring in other fields of study and want to complete a minor in Data Science are encouraged to discuss their course choices with the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Information on the minor follows the description of the major.
Requirements
Students majoring in Data Science must meet the general education requirement in mathematical sciences with courses in calculus. (See table of summary requirements.)
The program for the BA in Data Science consists of 15 courses beyond the general education requirement. The standard curriculum includes an introductory sequence to Data Science and programming, an introductory sequence to mathematical methods, and courses on ethics in data science, data visualization, data engineering, and machine learning. In addition, the curriculum includes exposure to realworld projects through the Data Science Clinic and three electives. The BA track is recommended for students who would like to combine a Data Science major with another minor or major program.
Students interested in mathematically advanced courses and/or graduate research in Data Science can choose the Theory Track, where four MATH and STAT courses replace the mathematical methods sequence. (See Theory Track below.)
Students interested in emphasizing computational aspects of Data Science can choose the Computation Track, which requires the Introduction to Computer Science sequence. (See Computation Track below.)
The program for the BS in Data Science consists of 18 courses beyond the general education requirement. In addition to the BA requirements, students pursuing the BS must meet the following two requirements:
(i) A coherent threequarter sequence in an independent domain of knowledge to which Data Science can be applied. This sequence can be in the natural sciences, social sciences, or humanities and sequences in which earlier courses are prerequisites for advanced ones are encouraged. Each of the three should be a course at the 20000 level or higher that counts toward a major in the natural sciences, social sciences, or humanities. Courses in STAT, CMSC, or MATH or courses that focus on methods (mathematical, computational, or statistical) may not be used for this requirement.
(ii) One of the required electives must be in the field of Machine Learning or its applications, e.g., CMSC 25700 Natural Language Processing, CMSC 25025 Machine Learning and LargeScale Data Analysis, or CMSC 25440 Machine Learning in Medicine .
Data Science Clinic
The Data Science Clinic is a twoquarter, experiential, projectbased sequence where students work in teams as data scientists with realworld clients under the supervision of instructors. The course will serve as a capstone experience that will partner with public interest organizations, industry, NGOs, government agencies, and cuttingedge researchers to source challenging, missiondriven data science projects for the clinic. Teams will vary in size depending on the type and scope of the projects. Students will work with imperfect datasets, apply models and algorithms to realworld data, navigate security and privacy issues, and communicate results to a diverse set of stakeholders, as well as engage in the broader impacts of their work. Teams will be tasked with producing key deliverables, such as data analysis, prototype data science products, and open source software, as well as final client presentations, reports, and manuscripts.
Summary of Requirements for the Major in Data Science
GENERAL EDUCATION  
One of the following:  200  
Elementary Functions and Calculus III  
Calculus III  
Honors Calculus III  
Honors Calculus III (IBL)  
Total Units  200 
BA IN DATA SCIENCE  
Data Science  400  
Introduction to Data Science I and Introduction to Data Science II  
Ethics, Fairness, Responsibility, and Privacy in Data Science  
or CMSC 25900  Ethics, Fairness, Responsibility, and Privacy in Data Science  
Data Visualization and Communication  
or CMSC 23900  Data Visualization  
Data Science Clinic  200  
Data Science Clinic III  
Machine Learning (one of the following)  100  
Introduction to Machine Learning ^{‡}  
Machine Learning and LargeScale Data Analysis  
Mathematical Foundations of Machine Learning  
Machine Learning ^{‡}  
Computer Science  200  
Computer Science for Data Science  
Introduction to Data Engineering  
Mathematics and Statistics  300  
Mathematical Methods for Data Science I  
Mathematical Methods for Data Science II  
Models in Data Science  
Three Electives  300  
Total Units  1500 
BS IN DATA SCIENCE  
Requirements for BA in Data Science ^{+}  1500  
A coherent sequence in an independent domain of knowledge  300  
Total Units  1800 
+  One of the electives must be in the field of Machine Learning or its applications. 
‡  CMSC 25400 and DATA 22100 cannot both count toward the Data Science major or minor. 
Electives
Electives in Data Science should come from the list of representative approved courses below. This list is updated regularly. Students may petition to take electives other than those listed below, if they can demonstrate substantial data science content in those courses. A successful petition requires students to obtain approval from the program director, who will contact College Advising on the student’s behalf.
Data Science  
Statistical Pitfalls and Misinterpretation of Data  
Statistics  
Linear Models and Experimental Design  
Statistical Theory and Methods I  
Statistical Theory and Methods II ^{‡}  
Multivariate Statistical Analysis: Applications and Techniques  
Introduction to Mathematical Probability  
Introduction to Statistical Genetics  
Nonparametric Inference  
Machine Learning  
Optimization  
Computer Science  
Computer Architecture for Scientists  
Networks and Distributed Systems  
Advanced Distributed Systems  
Introduction to Database Systems  
Machine Learning and LargeScale Data Analysis  
Introduction to Computer Vision  
Mathematical Foundations of Machine Learning  
Machine Learning ^{‡}  
Machine Learning in Medicine  
Undergraduate Computational Linguistics  
Natural Language Processing  
Introduction to Bioinformatics  
Biological Sciences  
Introduction to Statistical Genetics  
Genomics and Systems Biology  
Machine Learning & Advanced Analytics for Biomedicine  
Clinical Research Design and Interpretation of Health Data  
Business  
Big Data  
Machine Learning  
Public Policy  
Artificial Intelligence for Public Policy (Public Policy)  
Psychology  
Big Data in the Psychological Sciences  
Sociology  
Spatial Cluster Analysis 
‡  Only one of CMSC 25400, DATA 22100, or STAT 24500 can be counted toward the Data Science major or minor. 
Theory Track
Data Science in and of itself is a field on the frontier of scientific inquiry. Students interested in mathematically advanced courses and/or graduate research in Data Science can choose to emphasize the mathematical foundations of Data Science. The theoretical curriculum will replace four courses:

DATA 21100DATA 21200 Mathematical Methods for Data Science III

DATA 21300 Models in Data Science

DATA 22100 Introduction to Machine Learning
with

MATH 16300 Honors Calculus III (or MATH 15300 Calculus III + required prerequisite coursework for STAT 24300, STAT 25100, and STAT 24400)

STAT 24300 Numerical Linear Algebra or MATH 19620 Linear Algebra

STAT 25100 Introduction to Mathematical Probability

STAT 24400 Statistical Theory and Methods I and STAT 24500 Statistical Theory and Methods II
Conditional on quality grades in these courses, students will be allowed to count STAT 24500 Statistical Theory and Methods II as one of their Data Science electives. In addition, students opting for this curriculum will be required to take at least one elective in the field of Machine Learning. Combined, these courses satisfy the prerequisites for a wide selection of mathematically advanced courses in Data Science, Statistics, and Mathematics.
Computation Track
Students interested in emphasizing computational aspects of Data Science may be interested in advanced Computer Science electives such as CMSC 23310 Advanced Distributed Systems or CMSC 23500 Introduction to Database Systems. To accommodate their needs, DATA 12000 Computer Science for Data Science could be replaced with CMSC 14200 Introduction to Computer Science II. Conditional on a minimum grade of C+ in CMSC 14200 Introduction to Computer Science II, CMSC 14300 Systems Programming I and CMSC 14400 Systems Programming II could count as two Data Science electives. Students who took CMSC 15200 Introduction to Computer Science II could replace DATA 12000 Computer Science for Data Science and use CMSC 15400 Introduction to Computer Systems as an elective in a similar fashion.
Double Majors (and Other)
The program makes it possible to pursue a double major in four years. Examples of possible combinations include majors in the Social Sciences, Humanities, Biological Sciences, Computer Science, or Statistics. Students interested in a double major are encouraged to discuss their course plans and obtain advice from their academic advisers and the Data Science program director. In addition, they must meet with the Data Science program director to obtain approval for their course plan.
Students who have taken MATH 19620 Linear Algebra or STAT 24300 Numerical Linear Algebra may use either of these courses to replace DATA 21200 Mathematical Methods for Data Science II. Additionally, STAT 23400 Statistical Models and Methods combined with MATH 13300 Elementary Functions and Calculus III, MATH 15300 Calculus III, MATH 16300 Honors Calculus III, or (MATH 18300 Mathematical Methods in the Physical Sciences I + MATH 18400 Mathematical Methods in the Physical Sciences II) may replace DATA 21100 Mathematical Methods for Data Science I.
Grading and Advising for the Major Program
Prospective majors must meet with the Assistant Director of Undergraduate Data Science Studies for a preliminary discussion of their plans. This preliminary meeting will address frequently asked questions and offer advice when appropriate. In contrast to the minor program, a consent form is not required for declaring the major.
Courses in the major must be taken for quality grades, and more than half of the requirements for the minor must be met by registering for courses bearing University of Chicago course numbers. Students who are majoring or minoring in Data Science must receive a quality grade of at least C in all of the courses counted toward their major or minor program in Data Science. Subject to College and divisional regulations, and with the consent of the instructor, students may register for either quality grades or for P/F grading in any 20000level Data Science course, other than DATA 2710027200 Data Science Clinic, that is not counted toward a major or minor in Data Science. A grade of P is given only for work of C quality or higher.
The following policy applies to students who wish to receive a grade of Incomplete for a Data Science course: in addition to submitting the official Incomplete Form required by the College, students must have completed at least half of the total required course work with a grade of C or better, and they must be unable to complete the remaining course work by the end of the quarter due to an emergency.
Minor in Data Science
The minor in data science targets students from all disciplines and consists of four required courses and two electives drawn from an approved list. Students may petition to take electives other than those listed below, if they can demonstrate substantial data science content in those courses. A successful petition requires students to obtain approval from the program director, who will contact College Advising on the student’s behalf.
1. Introductory Sequence (four courses required):
DATA 11800  Introduction to Data Science I  100 
DATA 11900  Introduction to Data Science II  100 
One of the following:  100  
Mathematical Foundations of Machine Learning  
or DATA 22100  Introduction to Machine Learning  
One of the following:  100  
Ethics, Fairness, Responsibility, and Privacy in Data Science  
or CMSC 25900  Ethics, Fairness, Responsibility, and Privacy in Data Science 
2. Elective Sequence (two of the following courses required):
Two of the following:  200  
Introduction to Data Engineering  
Data Visualization and Communication  
or CMSC 23900  Data Visualization  
Machine Learning and LargeScale Data Analysis  
or DATA 22100  Introduction to Machine Learning  
Linear Models and Experimental Design 
Grading and Advising for Minor Program
Courses in the minor may not be double counted with the student's major(s) or with other minors. Courses in the minor must be taken for quality grades, and more than half of the requirements for the minor must be met by registering for courses bearing University of Chicago course numbers.
Prospective minors may meet with the data science program director to discuss their course plans and to obtain advice, and subsequently fill out a Consent to Complete a Minor Form. The complete form should be sent to the Assistant Director of Undergraduate Data Science Studies for approval. Students should submit completed, signed forms to their College adviser by the end of Spring Quarter of their third year.
No courses in the minor can be double counted with the student's major(s) or with other minors, nor can they be counted toward general education requirements.
Summary of Requirements for the Minor in Data Science
Introductory Sequence: Four courses  400  
Electives: Two courses  200  
Total Units  600 
Data Science Courses
DATA 11800. Introduction to Data Science I. 100 Units.
Data science provides tools for gaining insight into specific problems using data, through computation, statistics and visualization. This course introduces students to all aspects of a data analysis process, from posing questions, designing data collection strategies, management+storing and processing of data, exploratory tools and visualization, statistical inference, prediction, interpretation and communication of results. Simple techniques for data analysis are used to illustrate both effective and fallacious uses of data science tools. Although this course is designed to be at the level of mathematical sciences courses in the Core, with little background required, we expect the students to develop computational skills that will allow them to analyze data. Computation will be done using Python and Jupyter Notebook.
Instructor(s): D. Nicolae, E. Campbell, A. Kube, W. Trimble Terms Offered: Autumn
Spring
Winter
Prerequisite(s): None
Equivalent Course(s): STAT 11800, CMSC 11800
DATA 11900. Introduction to Data Science II. 100 Units.
This course is the second quarter of a twoquarter systematic introduction to the foundations of data science, as well as to practical considerations in data analysis. A broad background on probability and statistical methodology will be provided. More advanced topics on data privacy and ethics, reproducibility in science, data encryption, and basic machine learning will be introduced. We will explore these concepts with realworld problems from different domains.
Instructor(s): A. Nussbaum Terms Offered: Autumn
Spring
Winter
Prerequisite(s): DATA 11800 , or STAT 11800 or CMSC 11800 or consent of instructor.
Equivalent Course(s): CMSC 11900, STAT 11900
DATA 12000. Computer Science for Data Science. 100 Units.
This course teaches computational thinking and programming skills to students in the Data Science program. Topics include control structures and basic data types, abstraction and functional decomposition, classes and objects in Python, basic algorithms, and an introduction to computer structure and low level representation of data types. Examples will include the application of tools such as scraping web pages and rudimentary machine learning to a variety of fields.
Terms Offered: Spring
Winter
Prerequisite(s): DATA 11800
DATA 13820. Data Science in Quantitative Finance and Risk Management. 100 Units.
Have you started or are about to start your investment journey? Do you want to know more about terms like "recession" and "volatility," and how they might affect your own bank account? Are you interested in mathematics and its application to human emotions? This course introduces the leading statistical models and methods which financial data researchers use to understand everevolving markets and build insightful financial strategies, such as machine learning, risk calculation, and portfolio management . At first, students will learn about the theoretical and applied foundations of regression and classification designs for predicting market patterns. Next, students will gain exposure to proprietary metrics such as ValueatRisk(VaR) used to evaluate returns/losses of both single and multiasset portfolios. Lastly, they will experiment with portfolio allocation tactics by visualizing risktoreward graphs under various buying and selling conditions. These techniques can be applied to the U.S. and foreign asset classes, including equities, commodities, and cryptocurrencies. Students will experience how professionals in quantitative trading, hedge funds, and risk analytics collaborate to pitch asset strategies to their clients, and form research teams to play a stock market game using the skills they learned throughout the course with the objective of maximizing the teams' portfolio returns. All implementations will be done using Python.
Terms Offered: Summer
Equivalent Course(s): STAT 13820
DATA 21100. Mathematical Methods for Data Science I. 100 Units.
This course introduces topics in probability and calculus (III) for data science students. Topics covered include random variables and probability distributions, independence, conditional probability, expected values, the central limit theorem, the definite integral, integration of functions of several variables, sums and transformations of random variables, multivariable calculus  partial derivatives, gradients, and gradient descent.
Instructor(s): A. Nussbaum Terms Offered: Autumn
Winter
Prerequisite(s): MATH 13200 or 15200 or 16200 (could be taken concurrently), DATA 11800 (DATA 11900 could be taken concurrently) or CMSC 12100 or CMSC 14100
DATA 21200. Mathematical Methods for Data Science II. 100 Units.
This course introduces topics in linear algebra for data science students. Topics covered include Vectors spaces, linear transformations and associated subspaces, orthogonality and projections, orthogonal (orthonormal) matrices, eigenvectors and eigenvalues, diagonalization, Det and Tr, matrix decompositions (LU decomposition, singular value decomposition), and transfer matrices and discrete stochastic processes. Assignments and examples focus on results and algorithms that are relevant to machine learning and data science.
Instructor(s): D. Biron Terms Offered: Spring
Prerequisite(s): MATH 13200 or 15200 or 16200 (could be taken concurrently), DATA 11800 (DATA 11900 could be taken concurrently) or CMSC 12100 or CMSC 14100
DATA 21300. Models in Data Science. 100 Units.
This course introduces fundamental aspects of modeling data such as regression, linearization and linear models, discrete dynamical systems, Markov chains, continuous dynamical systems, and stability analysis.
Instructor(s): D. Biron Terms Offered: Autumn
Prerequisite(s): DATA 21100 (or equivalent; DATA 21300 could be taken concurrently), DATA 21200 or STAT 24300 or MATH 19620
DATA 22100. Introduction to Machine Learning. 100 Units.
This course introduces topics in current applications of machine learning for Data Science students. Topics include machine learning models, supervised and unsupervised learning, loss functions, risk, empirical risk and overfitting, regression and classification, clustering, gradient boosting, decision trees and random forests, and (time permitting) a brief introduction to Neural Networks and deep learning.
Instructor(s): W. Trimble Terms Offered: Spring
Winter
Prerequisite(s): DATA 11900 (DATA 22100 could be taken concurrently) or CMSC 12200 or CMSC 14200; DATA 21100 (or equivalent; DATA 21300 could be taken concurrently) and DATA 21200 (or equivalent) recommended
DATA 22700. Data Visualization and Communication. 100 Units.
This course introduces best practices for presenting and communicating quantitative data. Principles of data visualization include the use of colors and negative spaces, drawing attention to important details, repetition of design motifs, appropriately using figures and tables, and combining different scales in a single figure. The course also discusses how to avoid common distortions resulting in misleading plots and figures and how to effectively communicate findings. Examples are chosen from a variety of fields, such as the biological sciences, the social sciences, and the media.
Instructor(s): W. Trimble Terms Offered: Autumn
Spring
Prerequisite(s): DATA 11800 or CMSC 12100 or CMSC 14100
DATA 23700. Visualization for Data Science. 100 Units.
This course imparts design knowledge and technical skills around data visualization that data scientists need for analysis and communication. Design principles for data visualization are based on frameworks for thinking about chart construction, empirical research on human perception and cognition, a repertoire of design strategies, and theories about what makes an effective chart. We build practical skills around visualization APIs, computational notebooks, graphics editing software, and technical writing. Topics of interest include visualization software, spatial and visual reasoning, cartography, making data interactive, persuasion and deception, uncertainty communication, and model interpretability.
Instructor(s): A. Kale Terms Offered: Autumn
Prerequisite(s): DATA 11900 or CMSC 14100, DATA 12000 (could be taken concurrently), DATA 21300 (could be taken concurrently)
DATA 25422. Machine Learning for Computer Systems. 100 Units.
This course will cover topics at the intersection of machine learning and systems, with a focus on applications of machine learning to computer systems. Topics covered will include applications of machine learning models to security, performance analysis, and prediction problems in systems; data preparation, feature selection, and feature extraction; design, development, and evaluation of machine learning models and pipelines; fairness, interpretability, and explainability of machine learning models; and testing and debugging of machine learning models.
Prerequisite(s): CMSC 15400
Equivalent Course(s): CMSC 35422, CMSC 25422, DATA 35422
DATA 25900. Ethics, Fairness, Responsibility, and Privacy in Data Science. 100 Units.
This course takes a technical approach to exploring societal issues of ethics, fairness, responsibility, and privacy related to the collection, use, and generalization of data. The course introduces fundamental techniques related to data acquisition, data cleaning, sampling, statistical modeling, experimental design, feature engineering, and modeling with machine learning. It then explores the problems that arise in different ways of performing those tasks, the fairness and bias of machine learning models, data visualizations, and user interfaces. In addition, the course covers anonymization and deanonymization, conceptions of privacy from a number of perspectives (statistical, legal, and philosophical), and compliance with contractual or legal requirements around data. The course concludes by discussing current controversies around the use and misuse of data. Through both programming assignments and discussions, students who complete the course will learn how to design systems that are inclusive and respectful of all data subjects.
Instructor(s): Raul Castro Fernandez Terms Offered: Spring
Prerequisite(s): CMSC 11900
DATA 26100. Statistical Pitfalls and Misinterpretation of Data. 100 Units.
This course will provide tools for thinking critically about data and models that constitute evidence, e.g., for the purpose of making predictions, reaching decisions, judging the quality of information, or in the context of scientific research. The course will examine examples of misleading language and graphics and discuss good practices in representing and communicating data. Examples will include such pitfalls as data size effects, false linearity, biased or correlated samples, mistaking correlation for causation, regression to the mean, and Simpson's paradox.
Instructor(s): D. Biron Terms Offered: This course will not be offered in the 20232024 academic year.
Prerequisite(s): MATH 13200 and DATA 11800 or CMSC 12100 or CMSC 14100
DATA 2710027200. Data Science Clinic III.
Data Science Clinic III
DATA 27100. Data Science Clinic I. 100 Units.
In order to enroll in this class, students must first submit an application and be matched with a project. Visit the Data Science Clinic site for application deadlines, how to apply, and information session details: bit.ly/dsclinic. The Data Science Clinic partners with public interest organizations to leverage data science research and technology to address pressing social and environmental challenges. The Clinic also provides students with exposure to realworld projects and problems that transcend the conventional classroom experience including: working with imperfect datasets, applying models and algorithms to realworld data, navigating security and privacy issues, communicating results to a diverse set of stakeholders (e.g., industry, public interest, government agencies), and translating information into actionable insights, policy briefs and software prototypes. The Clinic is an experiential projectbased course where students work in teams as data scientists with realworld clients under the supervision of instructors. Students will be tasked with producing key deliverables, such as data analysis, open source software, as well as final client presentations, and reports.
Instructor(s): N. Ross Terms Offered: Autumn
Spring
Winter
Prerequisite(s): CMSC 13600, DATA 12000, DATA 21100, DATA 21200, DATA 22100 (or equivalent) and by permission of instructor
Equivalent Course(s): PPHA 30581, MACS 30300, CAPP 30300, MPCS 57300
DATA 27200. Data Science Clinic II. 100 Units.
In order to enroll in this class, students must first submit an application and be matched with a project. Visit the Data Science Clinic site for application deadlines, how to apply, and information session details: bit.ly/dsclinic. This is the second course in a sequence of Data Science Clinics. The Data Science Clinic partners with public interest organizations to leverage data science research and technology to address pressing social and environmental challenges. The Clinic also provides students with exposure to realworld projects and problems that transcend the conventional classroom experience including: working with imperfect datasets, applying models and algorithms to realworld data, navigating security and privacy issues, communicating results to a diverse set of stakeholders (e.g., industry, public interest, government agencies), and translating information into actionable insights, policy briefs and software prototypes. The Clinic is an experiential projectbased course where students work in teams as data scientists with realworld clients under the supervision of instructors. Students will be tasked with producing key deliverables, such as data analysis, open source software, as well as final client presentations, and reports.
Instructor(s): N. Ross Terms Offered: Autumn
Spring
Winter
Prerequisite(s): DATA 27100
DATA 27420. Introduction to Causality with Machine Learning. 100 Units.
This course is an introduction to causal inference. We'll cover the core ideas of causal inference and what distinguishes it from traditional observational modeling. This includes an introduction to some foundational ideasstructural equation models, causal directed acyclic graphs, and then do calculus. The course has a particular emphasis on the estimation of causal effects using machine learning methods.
Instructor(s): V. Veitch Terms Offered: Autumn
Prerequisite(s): [STAT 24500 or STAT 24510 or STAT 27725] with a grade of B or higher or consent of instructor.
Equivalent Course(s): STAT 27420
DATA 27751. Trustworthy Machine Learning. 100 Units.
Machine learning systems are routinely used in safety critical situations in the real world. However, they often dramatically fail! This course covers foundational and practical concerns in building machine learning systems that can be trusted. Topics include foundational issueswhen do systems generalize, and why, essential results in fairness and domain shifts, and evaluations beyond standard test/train splits. This is an intermediate level course in machine learning; students should have at least one previous course in machine learning.
Terms Offered: Spring
Prerequisite(s): STAT 27700 or STAT 37710 or consent of instructor.
Equivalent Course(s): STAT 27751, STAT 37787